Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation

There is a legitimate fear for a bed bug infestation. No matter how many times you have heard the saying, "Sleep tight and don't let the bed bugs bite," you may not actually take it seriously. But beware, bed bugs have been slowly, but surely, infesting many home in the United States and now, even all over the world. They are a huge nuisance and their bites can be extremely irritating. The following are some things that you should look for when you are inspecting to see if you have a bed bug infestation. Remember that bites are not just the only thing to look out for. In fact, bites alone may not even be a very accurate way to see if you have an actual bed bug infestation.

Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation:

When you are inspecting your home for bed bugs, look for the following signs of an infestation. These are potential red flags for a bed bug infestation in your home:

  • Bed Bug Excrement : The excrement is actually dried up blood and will look black or pepper-like in appearance. It is most often found along the linings and edges of the mattress, box spring, corners of furniture, head board, base board of the bed, in cracks and crevices, and even on the lining and edges of linen. Most often, you will find bed bug excrement in areas where the adult bed bugs hide.
  • Adult Bed Bug Casings : As the bed bugs grow in size, they mold and "shed" like snakes do and will leave behind casings. They are slightly tan in color and may seem translucent.
  • Eggs : Bed bug eggs are barely visible with the naked eye but you will be able to find white eggs and eggshells in the mixture of casings and feces.
  • Fluid Spots : Brown fluid spots are often left behind as the bed bugs crawl in the cracks and crevices.
  • blood Stains : Often times, as the bed bugs are feeding during the night when you are sleeping, they can be crushed. When they are crushed during feeding, they will leave behind smears or spots of blood. Blood stains can be found on the linens or mattress.
  • Adult Bed Bugs : Most often, you will be able to find actual adult bed bugs as well as nymphs that are hiding in cracks and crevices along the furniture frame, edges of linens, cracks and crevices in the tufts of mattresses and box springs, and etc. They are a rusty red color and most often compared to that of an apple seed. Nymphs are almost translucent and much smaller in size.

**Remember that these potential signs of bed bugs are usually mixed together. The mixture of excrement, casings, eggs, fluid spots, and even actual bed bugs can be found in corners of the furniture, in cracks and crevices, on the edges of linen, and etc. From afar, the mixture can actually have an appearance of a dirt mixture or will resemble mold growth.

Areas of Possible Bed Bug Infestation

Unluckily for us, bed bugs are able to hide in almost any crack or crevice. This is primarily an outcome of their size and shape which is tiny and flat. However, there are some key places that you should search and inspect when you are looking for bed bug infestations. Here is a list of some of the most infested spaces around a home.

  • Bed: Areas like the mattress, box spring, bed frame including the base board and head board, the corners and edges of linen, cracks and crevices along the mattress, and pillowcases.
  • Dressers/Nightstands
  • Sofas/Couches: Many people rest frequently on couches and fall asleep during the night. If the food source has moved from the bed to a nearby couch or sofa, the bed bugs will follow.
  • Wicker furniture
  • Wall pictures and hanging fixtures: They can also be found on the underside of lampshades.
  • Inside cracks of loose wallpaper
  • Curtains
  • Edges of carpets
  • Behind light switch plates
  • Cracked woodwork
  • Wall void area: The wall void can be accessed by switch plates and electrical outlets. Remember that since these areas are potentially dangerous, you should take all precaution and if you can, hire a professional to access these areas.

Bed Bug Bites

Many people call us and immediately ask us for pesticides to get rid of bed bugs. When we ask if they have identified the pest, they conclude that they have because they have bites on their body. Unfortunately, bed bug bites are a very poor indicator for an actual infestation. At most, bites may alert you that you do have a possible infestation of a pest, but it will be difficult to conclude that bites are the reason for a bed bug infestation without a proper inspection. Here are some of the reasons why bed bug bites are such poor indicators for a bed bug infestation.

1. Some people have no reaction to bed bug bites whereas others may have very severe reactions to bed bug bites. Since there are such variants in reaction, it is hard to conclude a bed bug infestation from just bites alone when, perhaps, your body normally would not react to bed bug bites. 2. Rashes and skin diseases are common amongst people. Even dry skin can cause rashes or hives. An allergic reaction to food or a body cream can cause a person to break out. These types of skin reactions may look or feel very similar to bed bug bites. 3. There may be a different type of pest that has infested your home. Do not take bites on the body and conclude that it is a bed bug infestation. Perhaps you have an allergy to dust mites, which can cause an allergic reaction on the skin or causing breathing problems or maybe you have fleas, spiders, ants, mosquitoes, or another type of biting or stinging pest that can also cause the skin to enflame and turn red and bumpy.

Get a Head Start

In conclusion, finding a bed bug infestation is pretty difficult. However, if you know what you are looking for and where to look, identifying a bed bug infestation can potentially save you a lot of time and money. If you are suspicious of a possible bed bug infestation or there are valid signs of a possible bed bug infestation, we recommend that you get a head start and begin to take the proper steps to eradicate the infestation. Remember that eradication always starts with identification. If you cannot confidently conclude that you have an infestation, have a professional go and inspect your home. All products that you will use from our site have a product label and an MSDS label that must be thoroughly reviewed before application of the product. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact us by email at or by phone at 1-800-788-4142.